The Bavarian Lion, which is placed at a non-central part of Nafplio, is a monument of rare beauty that requires both high technical expertise and great experience in order to be created. The lion is oversized with closed eyes and an anthropomorphical expression of grief.
Judging by the work itself, we conclude that the creator, Christian Zigkel, was distinguished for both features. In addition, he was the first professor of sculpture at Athens Polytechnic. However it is not a unique creation as a similar artwork exists in Lucerne.
There is a German inscription beneath the Lion, which is engraved on the rock. By reading it we are informed that the monument was ordered by Louis, father of the first governor of Greece, Otto, to honor the soldiers who belonged to Otto’s army and had died from typhus epidemic in the early 19th century.
The Bavarians were buried in mass graves in a nearby area which later became known as the Bavarian graves.